Hall of Central Harmony – one of the three main halls in Forbidden City

Hall of Central Harmony

The Hall of Central Harmony, also known as Zhonghe Dian (中和殿), is an iconic and historically significant structure nestled within the vast complex of the Forbidden City in Beijing, China. This grand hall holds immense cultural and architectural significance and serves as an integral part of Chinese history and heritage.


The Hall of Central Harmony has a rich history that dates back to the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644). It was initially constructed in 1420 and underwent several renovations during subsequent dynasties. The hall was primarily used as a place for imperial ceremonies and important state affairs, including the final preparations and rehearsals for major ceremonies held in the Hall of Supreme Harmony.


The dimensions of the Hall of Central Harmony are relatively modest compared to other halls in the Forbidden City. It spans an area of approximately 36 meters in length from east to west and 22 meters in width from north to south. The structure consists of a single-story wooden building supported by intricately carved pillars and beams. The hall’s roof features the classic imperial yellow glazed tiles, symbolizing the supreme power of the emperor.

The architecture of the Hall of Central Harmony exudes elegance and sophistication. The hall follows the traditional Chinese architectural style known as dougong, characterized by a series of interlocking wooden brackets that support the weight of the roof. The exquisite carvings on the pillars and beams showcase intricate details and symbolic motifs, reflecting the imperial grandeur of the Ming and Qing dynasties. The interior of the hall is adorned with ornate decorations and exquisite paintings, reflecting the refined taste of Chinese craftsmanship.

Roof Charms

One of the most captivating features of the Hall of Central Harmony is its roof charms, which add a touch of mystique and beauty to the structure. The roof charms, also known as dou, are decorative elements that adorn the ridges and corners of the roof. These charms are typically made of glazed ceramic or carved stone and come in various shapes and forms. The most common charms found on the Hall of Central Harmony include mythical creatures like dragons, phoenixes, and lions, as well as auspicious symbols such as clouds and waves. These charms not only enhance the aesthetic appeal of the hall but also carry symbolic meanings related to power, prosperity, and protection.


The purpose of the Hall of Central Harmony was multifaceted. As mentioned earlier, it served as a venue for imperial ceremonies and state affairs. The hall played a crucial role in the preparation and coordination of significant events within the Forbidden City. It was here that the emperor would review and finalize the details of important rituals, ensuring their flawless execution in the Hall of Supreme Harmony.

Furthermore, the Hall of Central Harmony also served as a place for the emperor to rest and gather his thoughts before participating in ceremonies. It provided a tranquil and harmonious atmosphere, allowing the emperor to concentrate on the solemnity of the upcoming rituals.

In addition to its practical functions, the Hall of Central Harmony also holds symbolic significance. The name “Central Harmony” reflects the importance of balance and harmony in Chinese culture. It symbolizes the emperor’s responsibility to maintain harmony between heaven and earth, as well as harmony among the people. The hall’s architectural design and meticulous craftsmanship embody the Chinese philosophy of balance and order, reflecting the harmonious relationship between the ruler and his subjects.


In conclusion, the Hall of Central Harmony stands as a testament to China’s rich cultural heritage and imperial grandeur. Its historical significance, elegant architecture, intricate roof charms, and multifaceted purpose make it an indispensable part of the Forbidden City and a captivating attraction for visitors from around the world.

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