Hall of Preserving Harmony – the last one of the three main halls in Forbidden City

Hall of Preserving Harmony

The Hall of Preserving Harmony (保和殿) is a majestic architectural masterpiece located within the Forbidden City in Beijing, China. This remarkable structure has a rich history, magnificent dimensions, intricate architectural design, and an important purpose that has played a significant role throughout Chinese history. Let’s delve into the details of this extraordinary hall.


The Hall of Preserving Harmony, also known as the Hall for Storing Harmony or Baohedian in Chinese, was initially constructed during the Ming Dynasty in 1420. It was later rebuilt during the Qing Dynasty in 1695 after a fire destroyed the original hall. The hall served as an essential venue for grand imperial ceremonies, including the proclamation of successful candidates in the highest imperial examinations.


The Hall of Preserving Harmony is an impressive structure, occupying a central position within the Forbidden City complex. It stands between the Hall of Supreme Harmony (Taihedian) to the south and the Hall of Central Harmony (Zhonghedian) to the north. The hall’s rectangular base measures approximately 32 meters in length from east to west and 27 meters in width from north to south.


The architectural design of the Hall of Preserving Harmony reflects the traditional Chinese palace style, characterized by its grandeur and attention to intricate details. The hall features a magnificent three-tiered roof, adorned with yellow glazed tiles, a color symbolizing imperial majesty. The roof ridges are decorated with an array of mythical creatures, including dragons, phoenixes, and unicorns, which are intricately carved and painted.

The hall is supported by 36 wooden columns, arranged in a 6 by 6 pattern, forming a large rectangular space. The columns are exquisitely painted in red, with gold-painted bases and brackets. The wooden beams, also painted in red and gold, are adorned with elaborate carvings of dragons and clouds, adding to the hall’s splendor.


The Hall of Preserving Harmony served multiple important purposes throughout history. It was primarily used as a ceremonial venue for imperial events and served as the location for imperial banquets, imperial examinations, and the proclamation of successful scholars. The hall was also used for important meetings and discussions among the emperor and high-ranking officials.

Additionally, the Hall of Preserving Harmony was used as a place for the emperor to rest and prepare himself before important ceremonies. The name “Preserving Harmony” symbolizes the need to maintain peace and unity within the empire, and the hall itself became a symbol of the emperor’s power and authority.


Today, the Hall of Preserving Harmony stands as a treasured cultural heritage site and a popular tourist attraction within the Forbidden City. Its historical significance, grand architectural design, and rich symbolism continue to captivate visitors, offering a glimpse into the opulence and grandeur of imperial China.

The Hall of Preserving Harmony, with its remarkable history, imposing dimensions, intricate architecture, and profound purpose, stands as a testament to China’s rich cultural heritage and the legacy of its imperial past.

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