How big is the Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor

how big is the mausoleum of the first qin emperor

The Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor, located in the city of Xi’an in Shaanxi Province, China, is one of the most famous and impressive archaeological sites in the world. Built during the reign of Emperor Qin Shi Huang in the third century BCE, it is the final resting place of the emperor, who is known for unifying China and establishing the Qin Dynasty.

The mausoleum covers an area of approximately 56 square kilometers and is surrounded by a series of walls and gates. The entrance to the mausoleum is marked by a massive gateway known as the Dragon Pavilion, which is flanked by two large stone pillars. Beyond the gateway lies a series of pits containing thousands of terracotta soldiers, horses, and chariots, which were designed to protect the emperor in the afterlife.

The main tomb chamber of the mausoleum is located beneath a large mound, which stands over 50 meters tall and covers an area of approximately 250,000 square meters. The mound was built using earth and rocks taken from the surrounding area, and it is said that it took over 700,000 workers to construct it over a period of several decades.

Inside the tomb chamber, the emperor’s body was placed in a series of nested coffins made of bronze, which were placed in a large stone sarcophagus. The chamber was also filled with a variety of precious objects, including jade ornaments, gold and silver vessels, and other luxury items.

In addition to the main tomb chamber, the mausoleum also contains a series of underground chambers and tunnels, which were designed to protect the emperor’s body and treasures from thieves and vandals. These chambers are said to be filled with rivers of mercury, which were used to create a representation of the rivers and lakes of China in miniature.

Overall, the Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor is a truly monumental feat of engineering and architecture, and it stands as a testament to the power and wealth of the Qin Dynasty. Despite being over two thousand years old, it remains one of the most important and impressive archaeological sites in the world, and it continues to inspire awe and wonder in visitors from all over the globe.

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