Wenchang Pavilion, Yangzhou – Ticket Price, Opening Hours, Transportation, and Highlights

wenchang pavilion yangzhou

Wenchang Pavilion (文昌阁), also known as Wenchang Tower, is a remarkable architectural gem that dates back to the Ming Dynasty. Located in Yangzhou, China, this pavilion covers an area of approximately 160 square meters. Its towering structure stands at around 24 meters in height and is distinguished by its three levels with three-tiered eaves, culminating in a graceful circular dome crowned with gourd-shaped roof tiles.

The octagonal pavilion is constructed using a combination of brick and wood, showcasing exquisite craftsmanship. The ground level features four archways that provide a direct connection to the surrounding streets, adding a welcoming aspect to this historical site. The roof design, featuring a circular, clustered spire and the use of tile roofing, bears a resemblance to the architectural style of the Temple of Heaven‘s Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests in Beijing.

Table of Contents

Basic Information

Estimated Length of TourHalf an hour
Ticket PriceFree
Opening Hours9.00 – 17.00

Location and Transportation

Wenchang Pavilion is situated in the heart of Yangzhou, a city known for its rich history and cultural heritage. It is located at the intersection of Wenchang Middle Road and Wenhe North Road in the Guangling District of Yangzhou, Jiangsu Province, China.

Tourists can take bus 6, 17, 20, 23, 27, 29, 30, 37, 56, 62, 70, 99, or 128, get off at Wenchangge Stop (文昌阁站), and walk about 350 meters to the south to reach the pavilion.

Origin of Its Name

The name “Wenchang” embodies rich cultural and knowledge connotations, as “wen” signifies culture and knowledge, while “chang” represents prosperity and flourishing. Together, they convey the hope for students to acquire extensive knowledge. Moreover, according to folklore, “Wenchang” refers to the deified Wenchang Emperor of the Heavenly Court. In folk belief, he is the deity in charge of examinations, destinies, and is regarded as a divine protector for those who seek success in their studies and literary pursuits. Particularly, ever since the establishment of the imperial examination system in the Sui and Tang dynasties, Wenchang Emperor has been highly venerated by scholars and students. The Wenchang Pavilion, dedicated to this deity, has served as a symbol of the local community’s aspiration for a prosperous and thriving scholarly culture.

History of Wenchang Pavilion

In 1496, a bridge known as Wenjin Bridge was constructed, which became the direct route to Yangzhou’s largest educational institution. In 1585, Wenchang Pavilion was added to Wenjin Bridge to enshrine Wenchang Emperor. In 1595, the pavilion tragically fell victim to a fire but was promptly reconstructed the following year. During the Qing Dynasty, Wenchang Pavilion underwent another round of restoration. In 1952, the decision was made to fill in the Wen River to build a road, but Wenchang Pavilion was preserved as a testament to its historical significance. In the same year, the pavilion tilted significantly to the east. Thanks to the skilled work of craftsmen, Wenchang Pavilion was successfully straightened. In 1999, a major renovation took place, ensuring the pavilion’s continued preservation, and in 2019, further extensive restoration work was carried out.

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