17-Arch Bridge in Summer Palace – an architectural marvel

17-arch bridge in summer palace

The Seventeen-Arch Bridge is an iconic structure located within the Summer Palace in Beijing, China. It is one of the most significant architectural highlights of the palace, renowned for its elegance, grandeur, and historical significance.

Location and History:

The Seventeen-Arch Bridge spans across Kunming Lake, which is the centerpiece of the Summer Palace complex. The Summer Palace itself was originally built during the Jin Dynasty in the 12th century and was later expanded and renovated during the Qing Dynasty in the 18th century. The bridge was constructed as part of these extensive renovations.

Design and Architecture:

The Seventeen-Arch Bridge is a classical stone bridge, featuring seventeen individual arches that stretch across the serene waters of Kunming Lake. It is crafted entirely from white marble and measures approximately 150 meters (492 feet) in length, making it one of the longest bridges of its kind in China.

The bridge incorporates various architectural elements that reflect traditional Chinese design principles. Each arch is meticulously adorned with delicate carvings of animals, flowers, and other decorative motifs. The balustrades on both sides of the bridge showcase intricate detailing, including ornate patterns and bas-reliefs. The elegant and symmetrical design of the bridge complements the surrounding natural landscape, enhancing its aesthetic appeal.

Symbolism and Cultural Significance:

The Seventeen-Arch Bridge holds immense symbolism in Chinese culture and represents a blend of artistic beauty and practical function. The number seventeen is considered auspicious in Chinese numerology, symbolizing good luck and longevity. The bridge’s architecture and design were carefully planned to harmonize with the surrounding natural scenery, exemplifying the concept of “harmony between man and nature,” which is a fundamental principle of Chinese philosophy.

Scenic Views and Prominent Features:

Crossing the Seventeen-Arch Bridge offers visitors breathtaking views of Kunming Lake, the surrounding mountains, and the picturesque landscape of the Summer Palace. The bridge is strategically positioned to provide the best vantage points for enjoying the scenic beauty of the area. Walking along the bridge allows visitors to immerse themselves in the tranquil ambiance of the Summer Palace while appreciating the architectural splendor and natural wonders.

Cultural Significance and Preservation:

The Summer Palace, including the Seventeen-Arch Bridge, has been recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1998. It serves as a testament to the rich cultural heritage and architectural brilliance of ancient China. Efforts have been made to preserve and restore the bridge and its surrounding structures, ensuring that future generations can continue to appreciate and marvel at its historical and aesthetic value.


Visiting the Seventeen-Arch Bridge in the Summer Palace provides a unique opportunity to experience the magnificence of traditional Chinese architecture, immerse oneself in the country’s rich history, and enjoy the tranquility of one of Beijing’s most iconic landmarks.

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