Why is Jingshan Park called Coal Hill

why is jingshan park called coal hill

Jingshan Park is a famous park located in the heart of Beijing, China. It is an artificial hill that was constructed during the Ming Dynasty and was initially named Wansui Hill, meaning “Long Live Hill”. However, during the Qing Dynasty, the hill was renamed “Jingshan Park” and also became known as “Coal Hill” due to its unique history.

The name “Coal Hill” has its origins in the 14th century, during the reign of the Yuan Dynasty. At that time, the hill was used as a site for imperial kilns that produced porcelain and other ceramic goods for the royal court. The kilns required large amounts of coal to fuel their fires, and so a vast amount of coal was stored on the hill. This is how the hill came to be known as “Coal Hill”.

During the Ming Dynasty, the hill was transformed into an imperial garden and became a part of the Forbidden City complex. It was covered with trees, gardens, and pavilions, making it a popular spot for the imperial family and their court to enjoy the natural scenery.

In 1644, when the Qing Dynasty took over, the last Ming emperor committed suicide by hanging himself on a tree in Jingshan Park. The park then became a private garden for the imperial family and was renamed Jingshan Park.

Today, Jingshan Park is a popular tourist attraction and offers stunning views of the Forbidden City and the surrounding area. Visitors can climb to the top of the hill to see the panoramic view of Beijing. The park is also home to a variety of historical and cultural artifacts, including pavilions, pagodas, and gardens.

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