Shanghai Confucian Temple – Ticket, Opening Hours, Highlights, and Tips

shanghai confucian temple

Shanghai Confucian Temple (上海孔庙), also known as Wen Miao, traces its origins back to the Yuan Dynasty in 1294. After several relocations, it found its current location, and the present temple was constructed in the fifth year of the Xianfeng era during the Qing Dynasty (1855). The architecture combines the grand style of the Ming and Qing Dynasties with the tranquil ambiance of Jiangnan classical gardens. Visitors can explore not only the historical buildings but also exhibits featuring peculiar stones, root carvings, teapots, and displays of ancient Shanghai literary inscriptions.

The temple complex is structured with three main courtyards. The first courtyard is divided into upper and lower sections, featuring the Li Xing Gate. The second courtyard houses the Kui Wen and Zun Jing pavilions. The third courtyard consists of the Da Cheng Gate, Da Ceng Hall, and two drum towers, forming a quadrangle. Flanking the front of Da Cheng Hall are the East and West Wing Halls, enclosing the courtyard with Da Cheng Gate and surrounding walls, where visitors can find inscribed steles and calligraphy exhibits from the Ming and Qing Dynasties.

In front of the Da Cheng Hall stands a statue of Confucius and the Da Cheng Bell. Many students visit before exams to make wishes by striking the bell, tying red ribbons to the trees for good luck. Da Cheng Hall serves as the main hall for Confucius worship. Inside, an impressive exhibit features the entire text of the “Analects of Confucius,” meticulously written in over 16,400 characters in regular script by Shanghai calligrapher Liu Xiaoqing. The text is engraved on 52 blue stone slabs, embedded around the interior walls of Da Cheng Hall.

Table of Contents

Basic Information

Estimated Length of TourAbout 1 hours
Ticket Price10 RMB
Opening Hours9.00 – 17.00; Last admission: 16.30
Telephone Number0086-021-63771815

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Location and Transportation

The Shanghai Confucian Temple is located at No. 215 Wenmiao Road, Huangpu District, Shanghai, near the popular Yuyuan Garden and the bustling Chenghuangmiao (City God Temple) area.

The temple enjoys a prime location within Shanghai’s historic center, making it easily accessible for both locals and visitors. It is well-connected to the city’s transportation network, with several bus stops and subway stations in the vicinity.

Bus: Take bus 64, 66, or 324, get off at Henan South Road Wenmiao Road Stop (河南南路文庙路), and walk about 200 meters to the west to reach the temple.

Metro: The nearest metro station to Shanghai Confucian Temple is Laoximen (Old West Gate, 老西门). After getting out of the station from Exit 7, walk about 500 meters to the southeast to reach the temple.

Highlights of Shanghai Confucian Temple

Architectural Splendor

architectural splendor in shanghai confucian temple

The architecture of the Shanghai Confucian Temple is a testament to traditional Chinese design and craftsmanship. The main structures, including the Dacheng Hall, Xing Tan Pavilion, and Zhuangyuan Hall, exhibit stunning architectural features such as intricate wood carvings, elaborate roof decorations, and symbolic motifs. The temple’s buildings are characterized by their grandeur and attention to detail, reflecting the elegance and grace of classical Chinese architecture. Visitors can admire the harmonious blend of colors, textures, and spatial arrangements, immersing themselves in the rich architectural heritage that the Shanghai Confucian Temple proudly represents.

Confucius Statue

confucius statue in shanghai confucian temple

The centerpiece of the Shanghai Confucian Temple is the magnificent statue of Confucius, the revered Chinese philosopher. The statue, located in front of the Dacheng Hall, stands as a symbol of respect and veneration for Confucius and his teachings. Crafted with meticulous detail, the statue captures the essence of Confucius with a dignified pose and serene expression. Visitors can appreciate the craftsmanship and artistry that brings the statue to life, while also gaining a deeper understanding of the profound impact Confucius has had on Chinese culture and philosophy. It serves as a focal point for reflection and contemplation within the temple’s sacred space.

Scholar Tablets

scholar tablets in shanghai confucian temple

The Shanghai Confucian Temple proudly displays a collection of scholar tablets that hold great historical and academic significance. These wooden tablets, inscribed with the names of scholars who achieved exceptional performance in the imperial examinations, serve as a tribute to their scholarly achievements. The tablets are meticulously preserved and arranged within the temple, offering a captivating glimpse into China’s ancient examination system and its emphasis on education. Visitors can witness the enduring legacy of these scholars and gain a deeper appreciation for the rigorous pursuit of knowledge and the esteemed status of learning in traditional Chinese society.

Festivals and Ceremonies

festivals and ceremonies in shanghai confucian temple

The Shanghai Confucian Temple hosts a variety of vibrant festivals and ceremonies that showcase the rich cultural heritage of China. One notable event is the Confucius Birthday Celebration, which attracts a large number of visitors. This festive occasion features colorful performances, traditional rituals, and cultural activities that pay homage to Confucius and his teachings. Other ceremonies include the Confucian Ancestral Worship, where participants express reverence to their ancestors, and various seasonal celebrations that highlight important dates in the Confucian calendar. These festivals and ceremonies offer a unique opportunity for visitors to immerse themselves in the traditions, rituals, and customs that have shaped Chinese culture for centuries.

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Useful Tips Summarized from Reviews

Research Confucianism: Prior to your visit, take some time to learn about Confucianism, its principles, and its impact on Chinese culture and history. This will provide valuable context and deepen your appreciation for the temple and its significance.

Respect Rituals and Ceremonies: During your visit, you may come across various rituals and ceremonies taking place. Respect these activities by observing quietly and refraining from interrupting or taking photographs unless explicitly allowed.

Embrace Cultural Activities: If there are cultural performances or activities happening within the temple, consider participating or watching. It’s a great opportunity to immerse yourself in traditional Chinese arts and culture.

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