Longtan Ancient Town, Youyang – Ticket, Opening Hours, Location, and Highlights

longtan ancient town youyang

Longtan Ancient Town(龙潭古镇), situated in the heart of Chongqing’s Youyang County, is a place where time seems to stand still. Founded in the first year of the Qing Dynasty’s Qianlong era in 1736, it was officially designated as a town in 1935 during the 24th year of the Republic of China. This town’s rich history and unique features have made it a captivating destination for those seeking to explore China’s past.

Longtan Ancient Town owes much of its historical significance to its strategic location along the Longtan River and You River. This advantageous position made it a thriving hub for commerce during its heyday. During World War II, the town became a refuge for those seeking safety from the conflict, with its population ballooning to 80,000 in a mere 1.5 square kilometers, earning the nickname “Little Nanjing” due to its remarkable resilience and vibrant community.

The town’s name, Longtan, derives from its geographical features. Two pools, resembling the eyes of a dragon, often accumulate water under the Fulong Mountain. The ancient town is nestled between these “dragon eyes,” and the layout of the town, as it meanders through these features, resembles the shape of a dragon’s nose, hence the name.


Table of Contents


Basic Information

Estimated Length of TourHalf a day
Ticket PriceFree
Opening Hours24 hours a day
Telephone Number0086-023-75312022

Location and Transportation

Longtan Ancient Town is located in the eastern part of Youyang Tujia and Miao Autonomous County, in the southeastern region of Chongqing, China. It is situated approximately 40 kilometers away from the county seat and shares its border with Xiushan County. The town is nestled in the heart of the Wuling Mountain region, making it a remote and picturesque destination in the province. To get to Longtan Ancient Town:

  1. By Bus:
    • Start at Chongqing’s Sigongli Long-Distance Bus Station (四公里长途汽车站).
    • Take a bus heading to Youyang Chengbei Bus Station in Youyang County.
    • Upon arrival at Youyang Chengbei Bus Station, transfer to a local shuttle or bus heading towards Longtan Ancient Town.
  2. By Train:
    • Travel to Chongqing North Railway Station.
    • Board a train to Youyang Station (Longtan).
    • After reaching Youyang Station, take local transportation to Longtan Ancient Town.

Please note that Longtan Ancient Town is somewhat remote, and the journey is quite long. For a more convenient travel experience, consider driving yourself or joining a guided tour group.


Highlights of Longtan Ancient Town

Ancient Architecture

ancient architecture in longtan ancient town youyang

Longtan Ancient Town is a treasure trove of ancient architecture, offering visitors a glimpse into China’s rich architectural heritage. The buildings in the town stretch from south to north, covering a total area of 86,473 square meters. The foundations of these buildings are typically constructed with fine stone blocks, and the streets are paved with stone slabs, often featuring stepped ramps. Notable ancient structures include the Yuhuang Palace, Wanshou Palace, a Catholic church, an academy, and a school. Public buildings typically feature massive wooden beams and pillars, courtyards enclosed by blue brick walls with tiled roofs, and lime-powdered eaves. Along the streets, shops line one side, varying in size, while inner courtyards create serene retreats, often with two or three-tiered patios. Wealthier families may have pavilions, gardens, waterside pavilions, and terraces, creating an impressive atmosphere. The town also boasts over 50 Tujia ethnic dwellings, with their striking hanging towers and upturned eaves.


Monument to National Heros

longtan ancient town youyang 2

A notable monument in Longtan Ancient Town is the “Anti-Japanese War and Founding of the Nation Martyrs Monument,” erected in 1939 during the resistance against Japanese aggression. Inscribed with the words “唯我将士,民族之光,牺牲热血,固我金汤,勒石纪勋,百世勿忘” by General He Shaozhou, the monument serves as a solemn reminder of the sacrifices made by the nation’s heroes during a turbulent period in history.


Festivals and Customs

festivals and customs in longtan ancient town

The town’s customs and festivals are deeply rooted in its cultural traditions. During the Spring Festival, the town comes alive with enchanting lantern festivals, fireworks, dragon and lion dances, and various traditional folk performances. The Dragon Boat Festival is celebrated uniquely, with dragon boat races both on water and on land, adding a touch of whimsy to the festivities.


Vlog about Longtan Ancient Town


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