Yangrou Paomo – a famous dish in Xi’an

yangrou paomo in xi'an

Yangrou Paomo is a traditional dish from Xi’an, a city located in the Shaanxi province of China. The dish’s name translates to “Crumbled Flatbread in Lamb Soup” and is a popular choice among locals and tourists alike. In this dish, tender lamb meat is slow-cooked in a flavorful broth and served over a bed of crumbled flatbread. The result is a hearty, comforting meal that has been enjoyed for centuries.


The origins of Yangrou Paomo can be traced back to the Tang Dynasty, over a thousand years ago. At that time, the dish was a popular choice among soldiers due to its filling and nourishing qualities. Over time, the dish evolved and became a staple in the region’s culinary culture. Today, it is a must-try dish for anyone visiting Xi’an.

How to cook

To make Yangrou Paomo, the flatbread is first baked until it is crispy on the outside and soft on the inside. The bread is then crumbled into small pieces and soaked in a flavorful lamb broth. The broth is made by simmering lamb bones, meat, and spices for several hours until it develops a rich, savory flavor. Once the bread has absorbed the broth, it is then cooked together with the lamb meat, onions, and other seasonings, such as cumin and chili flakes. The resulting mixture is a thick, stew-like soup that is poured over the crumbled bread and served hot.


The taste of Yangrou Paomo is unique and unforgettable. The lamb meat is tender and succulent, while the bread has a soft and slightly chewy texture. The broth is savory and aromatic, with notes of cumin, chili, and other spices. The dish is typically served with a side of pickled garlic or vegetables to add a refreshing contrast to the rich flavors.

How to enjoy

When it comes to eating Yangrou Paomo, there is a particular etiquette to follow. Diners are given a small bowl of crumbled bread and a separate bowl of lamb soup. The bread is then broken up into small pieces by hand and placed back into the soup. The mixture is stirred together until the bread has soaked up the soup, creating a thick and hearty stew. Additional spices, such as chili oil or Sichuan pepper, can be added to enhance the flavor.


Overall, Yangrou Paomo is a delicious and filling dish that embodies the flavors and culture of Xi’an. Whether you’re a foodie or just looking for a comforting meal, this dish is a must-try when visiting the city. Its rich history and unique taste make it a true culinary treasure.

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